Coffee is already a necessity in many young people’s lives. After all, in high-intensity life and study, it is necessary to use a cup of coffee to solve sleepiness, and during travel, people are also used to exploring different countries or cities. The most distinctive local coffee, but in fact, in such a complex variety of coffee, the world's coffee is mainly divided into three primary types.
About the three native types of coffee
Coffee trees are small shrubs that grow in cold depressions. The fruits are white or yellow. The outer seeds are known as coffee beans. Today, 66 countries cultivate coffee beans, but they are mainly divided into three categories: Arabica Species, Robusta species, Liberian species, but most of the circulation in the market are Arabica and Robusta. There are about 40 species of coffee in the genus Coffee, but only Arabica, Robusta, and Liberian species can produce commercial coffee beans, so these three are called the "three native species of coffee".
The origin of Arabica species is in the Ethiopian plateau. It was introduced to Europe through the Arab region in the 16th century. Among all coffee, Arabica species accounted for 75%~80% of all coffee. Its excellent aroma made it a world-famous person. The coffee varieties that they all fall in love with, the world-famous Blue Mountain coffee, Mocha coffee, etc., are almost all Arabica varieties.
This coffee bean variety is not resistant to diseases and insect pests, and the development conditions are relatively harsh, but the taste and caffeine content is better than Robusta. Arabica coffee beans are now mainly produced in South America (except parts of Argentina and Brazil), Central America, Africa (Kenya, Ethiopia, and other places, mainly in East Africa and East Africa), Asia (including Yemen, India, Papua New Guinea) Part of the area).
The high temperature and humidity zone that is not suitable for the growth of Arabica coffee is where Robusta coffee grows. Robusta coffee has a unique aroma and bitter taste, accounting for only 2% to 3% of the mixed coffee, and the whole cup of coffee becomes a Robusta flavor, so its flavor is particularly distinct.
It is generally used in industrial coffees such as instant coffee, canned coffee, and liquid coffee. The caffeine content is about 3.2%, which is much higher than 1.5% of Arabica. The main producing countries are Indonesia, Vietnam, and West Africa with Côte d’Ivoire, Algeria, and Angola as the center.
The Liberian species is the large-grain species, which is native to Liberia, Africa, and a few countries such as Malaysia. It has strong adaptability to various environments such as high temperature or low temperature, humidity, or dryness. Its flavor is better than that of Arabica. In terms of species, it will be worse, so it is only traded in some West African countries (Libya, Côte d’Ivoire, etc.), or planted for research purposes.
Its cultivation history is slightly shorter than that of the other two coffee trees. The Liberian coffee tree is suitable for planting in lowlands. Its trunk is tall and strong, 18 meters high, the leaves are large and tough, and the fruits and coffee beans are also large. Its seed coat is close to the seed kernel and is vermilion red when mature.
Note: Arabica is characterized by slender and flat grains. Robusta coffee beans are rounder and can be easily distinguished by their shape.
"Don't try to stand on the ground to learn to swim." There are many types of coffee beans, and there is no need to force memorize all the coffee beans. The first thing we need to do is to enjoy coffee, not to remember the variety of these complicated and meaningless coffee beans.
No matter what kind of coffee it is, you need to use an airtight coffee canister to keep it well.